Browser War 1: Netscape vs. Mosaic
Mosaic’s triumph caught Silicon Valley’s attention. In 1994, Jim Clark, founder of Silicon Graphics, recruited Marc Andreessen for a new company. The goal: A “Mosaic killer” browser and server.
The newly formed Netscape hired Eric Bina and much of the Mosaic team, and soon achieved its objective.
1. Building on Mosaic’s User Base
2. Netscape’s Business Model
3. The Netscape demo
Jim Clark pioneered hardware and software for computer graphics in the 1970s, and founded Silicon Graphics (SGI) in 1982. After leaving SGI in 1994, he met Andreessen and started Netscape.View Artifact Detail
Navigator, a complete rewrite of Mosaic, was more reliable and faster. Personal copies could be downloaded for free. Boxed versions like this were for sale to commercial clients. This innovative business model showed industry skeptics that an open standard could be profitable.View Artifact Detail
Browser War 2: Microsoft vs. Netscape
In 1995 Microsoft stopped challenging the Web with its MSN online service. It set out instead to win on the Web with Internet Explorer (IE), based on a licensed version of Mosaic.
Netscape, fresh from a groundbreaking IPO, was riding high. But IE overtook it by 1998. Netscape was partly reincarnated later as Firefox.