Torvalds described the first version of Linux in his 1991 M.Sc. thesis at the University of Helsinki, Finland. He posted a USENET message saying, “I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and professional…).” In 2009, some 10 million computers were running Linux.
As large corporations came to dominate the software market, Linus Torvalds took the opposite tack, advocating a return to computing’s communal roots.
Torvald released his Linux operating system in 1994. A global community of professionals and hobbyists has continually improved it, revitalizing the open source ideal. Even mainstream corporations have adopted it.
1. The First Version of Linux
2. Open Source Development
Linux, the Unix-like operating system, is among the greatest open-source success stories. Its base code is free, but many for-profit companies provide customized versions and support, including MontaVista’s “Hard Hat” Linux for embedded applications such as medical equipment.View Artifact Detail